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The Thirteenth Tribe is a book by Arthur Koestler , in which the author advances the thesis that Ashkenazi Jews are not descended from the historical Israelites of antiquity, but from Khazars , a Turkic people. Koestler hypothesized that the Khazars who converted to Judaism in the 8th century migrated westwards into Eastern Europe in the 12th and 13th centuries when the Khazar Empire was collapsing. His stated intent was to make antisemitism disappear by disproving its racial basis. Popular reviews of the book were mixed, academic critiques of its research were generally negative, and Koestler biographers David Cesarani and Michael Scammell panned it.
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Having played a major part in the collective since its beginning, and while continuing her busy life managing many aspects of the organization, Ingram speaks about the collective with passion. To Ingram, the role that artists play in society is significant. How often have you looked at a piece of art and been triggered or emotionally charged? Where you want to cry, you want to laugh? You need to be able to feel those types of emotions. That has been a big part of our growth forever — as a society. Tribe 13 Art Collective came to life in , beginning in Seattle and over time heading south to California in early They established themselves in the area more permanently in
As a parent, we hope our children will make life choices that will give them the greatest chance of happiness. There is no question this is the true church. I married someone that wasn't of my faith and it worked great. Honestly, it isn't her fault. Which is an absolute lie. My 2 younger children are entering middle school soon. For instance, I am okay with the us not seeing each other very often part. Yes; I suppose if each of us believe the other is brainwashed, there's going to be major problems later on.