Learn about our expanded patient care options and visitor guidelines. The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics recommends the following key components of a healthy lifestyle during pregnancy:. To maintain a healthy pregnancy, approximately extra calories are needed each day. These calories should come from a balanced diet of protein, fruits, vegetables and whole grains.
Dietary and Caloric Recommendations
Having a healthy baby means making sure you're healthy too. One of the most important things you can do to help prevent serious birth defects in your baby is to get enough folic acid every day — especially before conception and during early pregnancy. Folic acid or folate is a B vitamin B9 found mostly in dark green vegetables like broccoli and spinach, legumes such as beans and peas, and enriched grains.
Back to Your pregnancy and baby guide. Getting pregnant conception happens when a man's sperm fertilises a woman's egg. For some women this happens quickly, but for others it can take longer. Out of every couples trying for a baby, 80 to 90 will get pregnant within 1 year.
Influenza flu is more likely to cause severe illness in pregnant women than in women of reproductive age who are not pregnant. Changes in the immune system, heart, and lungs during pregnancy make pregnant women and women up to two weeks postpartum more prone to severe illness from flu, including illness resulting in hospitalization. A common flu symptom is fever, which may be associated with neural tube defects and other adverse outcomes for a developing baby. Getting vaccinated also can help protect a baby after birth from flu. Mom passes antibodies onto the developing baby during her pregnancy. Pregnant women should get a flu shot and not the nasal spray flu vaccine. Flu shots given during pregnancy help protect both the mother and her baby from flu. Vaccination has been shown to reduce the risk of flu-associated acute respiratory infection in pregnant women by up to one-half. Pregnant women who get a flu vaccine also are helping to protect their babies from flu illness for the first several months after their birth, when they are too young to get vaccinated. Getting a flu vaccine is the first and most important step in protecting against flu.